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Pump Fundamentals Blog

What Causes Water Hammer?

Water hammer is just one of many phenomena that can turn a normal day of slurry pumping into a nightmare. Since the consequences of water hammer can be severe, pump operators must understand what it is, how it occurs, and how to avoid it.

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Do I Store My Pump?

At GIW Industries, Inc., we help our customers tackle some of the most complex pumping challenges every day. Although many problems make themselves known during the pumping process, others arise when the pump isn’t running or isn’t even assembled. One customer came to us with..

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Topics: GIW, Slurry Pump

What Are Murphian Particles?

To answer this question, we spoke with Reab Berry, former Head of Global Mining Training and Development for GIW Industries, Inc.

“There’s a particle size that’s well-known in the slurry transport industry as the Murphian particle size,” Mr. Berry says. “In the world of..

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Topics: GIW, Slurry Pump

Do I Have the Correct Lifting Device for my Pump Part?

GIW Industries, Inc. pump parts come in all shapes and sizes. Not knowing how to move them properly can complicate processes such as installation and removal. Improper transport procedures also risk damage to the pump or its operators. To ensure safety and avoid damage, you..

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Topics: GIW, Slurry Pump

What Are Some Common Slurry Pumping Questions?

When it comes to your everyday pumping questions, the answers aren’t always easy to find. Fortunately, we’ve put together a list of solutions to some commonly asked questions GIW Industries, Inc. technicians have received over the years.

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Topics: GIW, Slurry Pump

How to Avoid Common Shaft Sleeve Problems

While GIW Industries, Inc.’s pumps help our customers succeed every day, some materials can break down over time — either from misuse or from contact with abrasive or corrosive materials. One customer recently experienced a leak that resulted from a worn shaft sleeve. Here’s..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Can I Reduce Pump Wear with a Bigger Pump?

Q: Can I reduce pump wear if I install a larger pump?

A: The simple answer is probably not. You can actually increase pump wear if your pump is too large for your particular application.

"This answer seems counterintuitive to many people when they hear it," notes Reab Berry,..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

What’s Wrong with My Bearing Assembly?

Each day, GIW Industries, Inc., engineers work with our customers to solve problems associated with their pumps. One pump component we get a lot of questions about is the cartridge bearing assembly. We spoke to Jon Keith, GIW Product Manager, about three problems faced by..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Do We Use the Affinity Laws?

The pump performance chart above is a graphical representation of performance for a particular pump. By using this chart, you can see the head, or pressure, that the pump produces at various flow rates and at different speeds. For example, at 560 RPM, the pump will produce..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Did the GIW Snap-Ring Gasket Get Its Name?

On a GIW Industries, Inc., LSA or similar pump, a special gasket seals the joint between the suction liner and the pump casing. This gasket is a variation of a simple O-ring gasket, except it has a cross-sectional shape of a trapezoid. The exclusive design provides an..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Why Is Slurry Coming Out of My Stuffing Box?

One pump operator recently came to GIW Industries, Inc., with a startling but not unique problem: Slurry was leaking from the back of his stuffing box. We reached out to Technical Services Manager Kenny Meyer about stuffing box malfunctions, some potential consequences, and..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Do I Stop Airlock from Happening?

 

When it comes to extracting materials from a slurry, the method of extraction can have as many consequences as it does advantages. In some processes, air is injected into the slurry, which separates the desired materials (such as ore) from the discardable liquid. Froth..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

What’s the Difference Between Settling and Non-Settling Slurries?

 

When it comes to efficient slurry pumping, understanding how the solids within a slurry behave is very important. Depending on the particle size, distribution, concentration, and character of solids, the slurry can be either “settling” or “non-settling.” Non-settling..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Why Do Slurry Pumps Experience High Wear at Low Flow Rates?

 

If you’re an experienced slurry pump operator, you’re aware of some of the reasons for high rates of pump wear — which can negatively affect pump performance over time. Although slurry characteristics such as particle size and concentration may first come to mind, an..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Can I Determine if My Bearing Assembly Requires Breathers?

 

If you own or have ever seen an older pump’s bearing assembly, you’re probably familiar with the old oil breather. If this is the case, you may be surprised or confused when you see a GIW® Minerals pump that doesn’t have one.

That’s because GIW bearing assemblies no longer..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

What Do I Do with My White Iron Scraps?

 

It may be comforting to know that if your slurry pump breaks down, GIW Industries has your back. Our team of service techs can help you repair or replace your equipment. But what happens to the scrap that gets left behind?

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Does Slurry Cause Friction Losses?

 

On a day-to-day basis, slurry pump operators need to consider a range of critical factors, from particle size and flow rate to concentration and part wear. Among these is the phenomenon of pipe friction loss due to solids, which if not accounted for can affect the..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Are All Our Pumps Related?

 

With so many product lines and acronyms, it can seem as though all of the pumps produced by GIW Industries Inc. are a bit random. However, our products are more related than you may realize. Each pump is a unique part of a giant family tree and, like any family, we have all..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

5 Slurry Pump Hacks You Need to Know

It seems like a hack exists for everything these days. From a quicker way to wash your car to unusual ways to remove wood scuffs, there’s a shortcut for doing just about all your everyday chores better, faster, or cheaper. What about at work, though? If you’re pumping slurry,..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

What Happens When You Combine Slurry Pumps and Baby Powder?

It may sound like an odd pairing, but baby powder and your slurry pumps actually have a lot in common.

Talcum powder acts as a dry lubricant and can absorb moisture, oils, and odors. These properties make it an important ingredient in baby powders, foot powders, first-aid..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

10 Must-Haves to Look For in Your Slurry Pump Service Partner

When selecting a technical service partner, it can be tempting to rush and choose the first company that turns up — or skip the partnership altogether and keep services in-house. However, in addition to salary and benefits expenses for in-house service technicians, hasty..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Does GIW Analyze Customer Pumping Problems?

Few spaces in the slurry pumping industry are as innovative and well-known as GIW Industries Inc.’s Hydraulic Lab. This large-scale testing facility is equipped for testing pump performance and optimizing slurry systems. Of course, this state-of-the art laboratory benefits..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Clogged Slurry Pipeline? Learn How to Prevent Sanding

Are you experiencing issues with your slurry pipeline? Your system may be delivering insufficient tonnage, or your flow rates may be lower than you’d like. A range of factors could be responsible for these pipeline troubles, but a significant one to watch for is slurry..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Top 6 Causes of Slurry Pump Problems

If you’re a slurry pump operator, problems like leakage, overheating, and system inefficiencies may keep you up at night. Such pumping system issues are often more complex and expensive than you might realize. In fact, over 80% of all pumping problems have to do with the..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Do I Prevent Slurry Pump Abrasion and Corrosion?

In the long run, nothing is as crucial to slurry pump design as wear life. On any given day, countless particles and chemicals within slurry can wear down pump parts and negatively affect performance. The two phenomena most responsible for everyday wear impact on pump part..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Slurry Pumps vs. Water Pumps: Why Do I Need A Slurry Pump?

When it comes to slurry transportation, familiarity with pumps and their parts is par for the course. However, it’s also important to understand what goes into each element of slurry transport. That understanding starts with a few basic questions: “What’s the difference..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

What’s in a Pump? Centrifugal Slurry Pump Designs and Parts

Are you dealing with an underperforming pump? Are you trying to decide which centrifugal slurry pump will best meet your growing facility’s needs? When it’s time to replace parts or select a new pump, operation managers have many choices — and they go far beyond the basic..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How to Match Pump Part Life with Maintenance Cycles

High-performing centrifugal slurry pumps are vital to your operation’s success. The parts you supply those pumps with are even more important since they ensure your pumps operate at optimal efficiency. Without quality parts, pumps can suffer and require increased maintenance..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

How Can I Read or Correct a Water Curve for My Specific Slurry Properties?

Pump performance curves help slurry pump owners and operators select their pumps and operate them optimally. How can pump owners calculate their slurry performance curves, and should they be able to read water curves manually?

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Why Can’t I Remove My Impeller from My Pump Shaft?

Since impellers are high-wearing slurry pump components, owners and operators need to maintain and remove impellers from their pump shafts when shaft sleeves or the impellers themselves require repairs or replacement. In fact, maintenance is of special importance as the..

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Topics: Mining, GIW, Oil Sands

Which Type of Slurry Pump Is Best for My Application?

What’s in your slurry? When it comes to choosing the right slurry pump for your application, you have a few options to choose from. Learn more about slurry pump types, what materials suit each pump best, and how to find the right type.

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Topics: Tech Tips, GIW, Oil Sands

What Slurry Pump Maintenance Can I Perform — and When Should I Call the Experts?

Like so many other machines, slurry pumps require regular maintenance to function optimally and reliably. Without proper care, pumps can suffer catastrophic failures, which can result in unscheduled repairs, potential injury, and facility downtime. Even if they don’t fail,..

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Topics: Tech Tips, GIW, Oil Sands

What Are Lifting Devices and Why Do I Need One?

Choosing the proper GIW Industries Inc. pump based on your needs is only the first step toward achieving enhanced operational efficiency. Finding and incorporating equipment necessary for installation and maintenance come next. Lifting devices are high on that list, necessary..

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Topics: Mining, GIW

Best Method for Pump Shaft Sleeve Removal

GIW Industries Inc. pumps are integral to mining operations and proper pump maintenance is always a top priority. The key to maintaining any complex machinery is being proactive rather than reactive. That’s why shaft sleeves and their maintenance are so essential to slurry..

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Topics: Mining, GIW

How Do I Tighten Mechanical Seals in My Pumps?

While many centrifugal slurry pump owners choose expellers or stuffing boxes over mechanical seals, mechanical seals can offer significant savings if maintained correctly. They eliminate the need for gland water that stuffing boxes require, minimizing water consumption and..

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Topics: Tech Tips, GIW, Oil Sands

6 Steps to Properly Pack Your Stuffing Box for Prolonged Pump Life

Equipment retention is a critical aspect in maintaining any piece of machinery. But knowing the right steps and the right tools you need to keep your equipment functioning properly can get tricky. When it comes to centrifugal slurry pump maintenance, a stuffing box is the..

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Topics: Tech Tips, GIW, Oil Sands

Slurry Pump Lubrication: Choosing the Best Oil for the Job

It’s a common-sense fact: Lubrication plays a vital role in the function and longevity of any pump. However, users often overlook the type of oil used.

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Topics: GIW, Slurry Pump

Reading Slurry Pump Performance Curves Like a Pro

One of the best ways to determine a pump’s capabilities is by looking at a pump performance curve. When read properly, this graph can tell you the exact flow rate and pressure at which your pump should be running for maximum efficiency. Combined with a system curve, which..

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Topics: GIW, Oil Sands

Catastrophic Slurry Pump Cavitation — and How to Avoid It

Are you struggling with your centrifugal slurry pump? Maybe you’re dealing with serious pump damage, ranging from pump housing failure to impeller destruction. Perhaps you’re baffled by excess energy usage. Or, possibly most obvious of all, you could be hearing distinct..

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Topics: GIW, Oil Sands

How to Increase System Efficiencies in Multiple Pump Startup

Whether you’re moving tailings a long distance or working in a demanding mill circuit application, chances are good you’ll be relying on more than one pump to get the job done. Installing a series of slurry pumps can eradicate high flow and high head issues, and it also..

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Topics: GIW, Oil Sands

How Can I Prepare My Pumps for Cold Winter Weather?

Winter is coming; are your pumps ready? Here are the steps you should take to ensure your pumps are primed for even the harshest conditions.

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Topics: GIW, Oil Sands

Is My Pump Operating at Its Optimum Rate?

If you’re struggling with the wear life of your pump’s parts, you may not be operating optimally. Use these tips to boost your efficiency and reduce maintenance costs. 

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Topics: GIW, Oil Sands

You Don't Have to Sacrifice High Efficiency for Reliability

The development engineers at KSB have not only improved the operating reliability of the proven waste water hydraulic systems but also increased the pump’s hydraulic efficiency. KSB introduces the new generation KRT with the new Max impellers.
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Topics: Wastewater

Boiler Feed Water Pump Local Instrumentation - Necessity or Nuisance?

Anyone remember the old cars of the 1950’s and 1960’s? They all pretty much came equipped with an ammeter, an oil pressure gauge, a water temperature gauge as well as a speedometer and a fuel level gauge. Then came the 70’s, 80’s, even the 90’s and turn of the century cars,..
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Topics: Energy

Variable Frequency Drive in Wastewater Treatment Stations

Topics: Wastewater

Part 3 of the Series on Global Wastewater Challenges

Operating a wastewater facility is no easy task in today’s world. There are many challenges that owners / operators face, including sewage composition, water consumption, and an aging infrastructure. In the case of sewage composition, the composition of wastewater can be very..

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Topics: Wastewater

How can you boost the reliability of your boiler feed water pump?

With modern combined cycle power/steam generation plants, the Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) is the major connection from the Combustion Turbine Generator (CTG) to the Steam Turbine Generator (STG).

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Topics: Energy

Why Anti-Friction Bearings Are Heating Up

We work with many clients across the continent, and it has become very simple to see a trend in their types of questions and concerns. From these trends, you many times find that an effect of an issue can mask the real problems that are occurring. Rolling element bearings..

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Topics: Tech Tips

The Basics of Anti-Friction Pump Bearings

Topics: Tech Tips

Hard Iron versus Cast Iron Impellers for Non-Clog Sewage Pumps

When specifying the impeller material for a non-clog sewage pump, how do you know whether to select cast iron or hard iron material? Usually, a hard iron material is only required if your non-clog pump utilizes a semi-open impeller. A semi-open impeller does not have a shroud..

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Topics: Wastewater

Chopping or Cutting: what is the best method in handling difficult waste water applications?

Part 2 of 6 Series - Chopping or Cutting: what is the best method in handling difficult waste water applications?

While chopper or cutter pumps are often specified for difficult waste water applications, it is important for end users and engineers to consider the whole..

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Topics: Wastewater

Global Wastewater Challenges Place Pressure on Aging Infrastructure

Part 1 of 6 Series - Complex problems for sewer systems worldwide caused by shifting trends in water use and a changing sewage composition.

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